24 May 2024

Explore the Thrilling World of Slot Games at Bitcoin Casino

As the digital revolution unfolds, the integration of cryptocurrency with online gaming is altering the casino landscape, introducing players to innovative forms of entertainment and investment. Tucked within this budding intersection of technology and leisure is the thrilling and diverse world of slot games showcased on platforms such as Bitcoin Casino. This exploration will not only provide a closer look into the intricacies of slot gaming mechanics but also their compatibility with digital currencies like Bitcoin, creating a dynamic playground for both novice and veteran gamblers.

The allure of slot games extends centuries back, evolving from simplistic mechanical devices known as one-armed bandits to sophisticated online platforms offering myriad themes, intricate gameplay, and immersive graphical interfaces. The enhancement of slot games through online casinos leverages cutting-edge technology to create interactive and engaging gaming experiences enhanced by the security and anonymity of using cryptocurrencies.

Central to understanding the magnetism of slot games in the realm of cryptographic wagering is recognizing how these platforms integrate Bitcoin for transactions. Digital currencies offer decentralized transactions, shielding users from the traditional constraints and scrutiny of conventional financial systems. This mode of transaction bolsters user privacy and expedites fund transfers, making it a preferred choice among tech-savvy casino enthusiasts.

Slot games on Bitcoin casino platforms like Bitcoin Casino Us are crafted to cater to diverse player preferences. These games range from classic reels reminiscent of the original slot machines to modern video slots equipped with advanced graphics and multitude of paylines. Notably, each game is designed from the ground up with Random Number Generation (RNG) algorithms. These algorithms ensure fairness and randomness in the game outcomes, essential for maintaining the integrity of games and trust of the participants.

It is pivotal to delve into the legal and regulatory frameworks surrounding online casinos and cryptocurrency usage, which can vary widely by jurisdiction. In some countries, cryptocurrencies and online gambling are fully embraced, whereas others have stricter regulations or outright bans. The blockchain technology underlying Bitcoin logs every transaction on a publicly accessible ledger, thereby providing transparency and a traceable history that helps in complying with regulatory requirements where they apply.

However, the intersection of cryptocurrencies with casino gaming is not without challenges. Security concerns, though alleviated by blockchain's inherent nature, can escalate in the presence of malicious attacks or when platforms are poorly secured. Players are advised to verify the credibility of the casino, ensuring it has robust security measures and credible licenses. Additionally, since cryptocurrency prices can be extremely volatile, players should be conscious of market conditions when wagering with Bitcoin.

Advocates argue that cryptocurrency and blockchain technology contribute a layer of security, transparency, and convenience to online gaming far beyond traditional currencies. These features coupled with the inherent anonymity of blockchain transactions, place Bitcoin casinos in a favorable position within the online gambling market, appealing especially to a younger, technologically adept demographic.

In an ecosystem as vast as that of online gambling, accessibility to diverse game types is crucial in retaining player interest and engagement. Slot games in particular offer a wide array of themes, ranging from ancient civilizations and adventure, to fantasy, and modern pop culture, all designed with rich visuals and captivating soundtracks that entice players to return. High-quality graphics, often rendered in 3D, enhance the visual appeal further, making gameplay an immersive experience.

Progressive jackpots in slot games are another draw. These jackpots accumulate over time and can pay out life-changing sums, adding an element of excitement and competitive spirit among players. The anticipation built around progressive jackpots keeps the community active and engaged, continually drawing in new players eager for a chance at instant wealth.

Slot games are also celebrated for their bonuses and rewards structure. Many bitcoin casino slot games feature free spins, multipliers, or bonus games that offer additional ways to win, thereby enhancing the player's gaming experience and providing more value for each spin. Something as simple as a free spin can alter the trajectory of a game, significantly increasing potential payouts.

Community and social interaction are not typically the hallmarks of online gambling, yet in the Bitcoin casino space, there's a moving shift towards incorporating social features. Live casino games, forums, and interactive support features ensure that players are part of a community, enhancing user experience and retaining players through social engagement.

Education is also a cornerstone in responsible gambling. Reputable online casino platforms provide resources about game rules, the mathematics of gambling, risk management, and responsible gaming practices. By informing players, casinos foster a safer gambling environment and promote longevity of player engagement by equipping them with the tools needed to gamble responsibly.

With the integration of slot games in bitcoin casinos, the gaming experience has been redefined. Players are drawn not only to the aesthetic pleasures and potential financial gains but also the unique conveniences offered by blockchain technology. As platforms continue to evolve, the fusion of technology, entertainment, and strategic finance heralds a new dawn for the casino industry, making it an exciting time for both players and investors alike.

In conclusion, the realm of slot games in casinos like Bitcoin Casino Us represents more than just a digital frontier for gambling. It epitomizes the confluence of technological innovation, financial trading, and entertainment. As such, these platforms are not merely places to gamble but a spectacle of innovation displaying the vast potentials of combined human ingenuity.

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6 May 2024

J’attends – I’m Waiting

Can spring be in the air finally?  Perhaps – but certainly one young woman’s thoughts turn to romance. 

J’attends is a delightful study in that part of the relationship when a couple start to get to learn about each other, enjoy each other’s company and wait for it to happen.  Just wait.  

The couple are played here with a certain Gallic panache by by Mariah Bonner (who also provides the voice over) and Mathieu Forget and this delicious little slice of joy is directed by Stewart Maclennan.

Secretive Supersize Squirrel on Steroids

The Indian Giant Squirrel is something else - it is far larger than the European and North American squirrels for a start - it makes them look like Oompa-Loompas for a start! However, if you are averse to squirrels you need not worry too much - they live in India and so they are unlikely to spring at you from the trees any time soon (plus they are vegetarians anyway!).

Nevertheless, their size is quite remarkable - one can only wonder how the trees take their weight as they leap up to twenty meters between the branches. You can get the low down on these amazing beasts over at our sibling site, The Ark In Space.

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This is dedicated to any of you out there who have had a similar experience to our porcine friend featured here – Ormie. Sometimes something takes your fancy but try as you might you just can’t get to the object of your desire!

Here, Ormie the pig spots a wonderful jar of cookies on top of the refrigerator and sets his heart on devouring those gorgeous biscuity treats!  However, the path to satisfaction is not always an easy one… as this hilarious animated short follows Ormie's increasingly frustrating and frustrated attempts to get hold of the cookies of his heart's desire!

This animated short film had festival audiences laughing and cheering since its introduction on the circuit. Ormie garnered itself 8 Festival Awards including Best Short Film (Savannah FF 2010, Palm Springs International Shorts Fest 2010, Sprockets 2010, Seattle International Film Festival 2010) and the Audience Award (New York International Children's Film Festival 2011). Ormie is created and directed by Rob Silvestri and produced by Graham Moloy of Arc Productions.


Hope springs eternal – or so it is said.  Yet sometimes it seems lost.  In this animated short film, a small boy is separated from his mother and put to work in an internment camp.  There is one thing which he still has in his possession to remind himself of the mother he has lost – yet this one thing that is keeping him alive is, by its discovery, threatened. Hope is a film by Michael Sherrer for Pixcube Animation Studio.

The Forgotten Battle: The Japanese Invasion of Alaska

In the early morning of 6 June 1942, 500 Japanese soldiers landed on Kiska, one of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska.

They took the only inhabitants of the island, a ten man (and six dog) US Navy Weather Detachment by complete surprise and quickly took control of American soil.

Today, the island is one of the USA’s National Historic Landmarks: the aftermath of the Japanese invasion can still be seen on the rolling hillsides of Kiska.

It is now known as The Forgotten Battle but the invasion caused widespread outrage in 1942.  Pearl Harbor was still a fresh memory, having been attacked on December 7 of the previous year.

Yet a Japanese military force had stepped foot on American soil – and the 500 had grown to over 5,000 men.  Although Kiska and neighboring Attu (which had been overrun two days previously) were part of the distant Aleutian Islands they were, nevertheless, American. Plans were immediately drawn up to retake the island, known as the Aleutian Campaign. The campaign would not succeed for over a year and would claim many American lives.

4 May 2024

May the Forced Perspective Be With You

Forced perspective photography can be great fun.  The technique uses optical illusion to make something appear larger, smaller, further away or closer than it really is.  If you have seen only one example then it will probably have been someone making it appear as it they are pushing or holding up the Leaning Tower of Pisa (or perhaps the Eiffel Tower, which always comes a close second). So here are twenty examples of forced perspective to give you some amusement before you go back to what you should really be doing (studying, working or shopping but perhaps you could just grab your camera and try a few of these out).

Image Credit bark
There are numerous naughty examples of forced perspective, but this is the cheekiest you'll get here today.

PomPom Mirror: Seeing is Believing

PomPom Mirror by Daniel Rozin is very clever art but despite that it does exactly what it says on the metaphorical tin. It features a synchronized array of 928 spherical faux fur puffs. Organized into a three-dimensional grid of beige and black, the sculpture is controlled by hundreds of motors that build silhouettes of viewers using computer-vision.   Just watch it – huge fun to experience in a gallery I would imagine.  I would venture to guess that it was a massive pain to construct – I wonder how many times Rozin thought why did I think of this? to himself.

Welcome to Flamingo City

Over at The Ark in Space they have been somewhat overrun by millions of lesser flamingos! These graceful birds flock to a number of Kenyan lakes each year to feast on nature’s provisions. In the mean time they give us one of the most spectacular visions the natural world has to offer. Ladies and gentlemen, welcome to Flamingo City!

Image Credit Flickr User Rainbirder


A bored young businessman acquires the latest technological advancement – Servo.  The robot servant, however, isn’t quite up to the job but nevertheless an unlikely friendship is struck up.  Yet the company plans to rectify the fault and it looks as if the fun might be over… This sweet and funny short was created by students at the Kaywon School of Art and Design in Korea for their moving image graduation project. And altogether, it all adds up to a rather fine bromance.

Pom Pom Pom

You may know the expression which starts “if at first you don’t succeed…” Well, one can only hope that the apple tree featured in this very short but sweet animation by Chloe Astier knew it too.  Astier created Pom pom pom as a solo project for her fourth year at Supinfocom Rubika.  Of course there is another old expression – “when the gods wish to punish us they answer our prayers” so perhaps we could have a sequel where the tree wearies of the company it has created?!

Star Wars Day – May the Fourth be with You

It may be a phrase so full of cheesy humor that it elicits an inevitable groan. Yet since the London Evening News published an advert which used the phrase “May the fourth Be with you” – ironically to congratulate Margaret Thatcher’s ascension to Prime Minister in 1979, the phrase took hold. It has stayed with us ever since and is used by countless people on the day after 3 May.

However, it wasn’t until 2011 that the first organized Star Wars Day celebration took place in Toronto, Canada. More of a convention than anything else, the event featured a showing of episodes V to VI, game shows, parodies and of course the inescapable costume competition.

3 May 2024

Nature Scavenger Hunt: Exploring the Great Outdoors for Family Fun Time

Let's face it, screen time can easily creep up on us all. Between work emails, social media scrolling, and the endless allure of slot games, it's easy for families to get stuck indoors. But what if there was a way to combine a little healthy competition with the wonders of the natural world? Enter the nature scavenger hunt: a fantastic activity that's guaranteed to get everyone off the couch and explore the great outdoors.

Why a Nature Scavenger Hunt?

Nature scavenger hunts are a brilliant way to reconnect with your family and the natural environment. They're perfect for all ages, require minimal planning, and can be tailored to any location, from your backyard to a local park or hiking trail. Here are just a few reasons to give it a try:

  • Engages Everyone: Nature scavenger hunts are a fantastic activity for families with kids of all ages. Younger children can focus on finding basic items like leaves or pinecones, while older kids can tackle more challenging tasks like identifying different types of plants or spotting specific birds.
  • Learning Through Play: Scavenger hunts can be a fun way to sneak in some learning. As you search for different items, you can discuss the properties of leaves, the role of insects in the ecosystem, or the different types of clouds.
  • Boosts Creativity and Problem-Solving: Finding the items on your list encourages kids (and adults!) to think outside the box and use their problem-solving skills.
  • Promotes Exercise and Fresh Air: Nature scavenger hunts get everyone moving and breathing in the fresh air. This is a win-win for physical and mental health.
  • Creates Lasting Memories: A successful scavenger hunt can be a source of happy memories for years to come.

Planning Your Nature Scavenger Hunt Adventure

So, you're ready to embark on a nature scavenger hunt adventure? Here's what you need to do:

  1. Choose Your Location: This can be anywhere from your backyard to a local park or nature preserve. Consider the age and interests of your family when choosing a location. A short, paved path might be ideal for younger children, while older kids might enjoy the challenge of a more rugged hike.
  2. Create Your Scavenger Hunt List: Here's where the fun part begins! There are no hard and fast rules for what to include on your list. Tailor it to the location and the age range of your participants.

Easy Items:

       A red leaf

       A round rock

       A feather

       A squirrel (spotting, not catching!)

       A flower with five petals

Medium Items:

       A spider web

       A piece of bark with an interesting texture

       A hole in a tree

       A type of wildflower (identify by name if possible)

       A bird building a nest

Challenging Items:

       A footprint (identify the animal if possible)

       A type of mushroom (observe only, do not touch!)

       A cluster of different colored leaves

       Signs of animal activity (chewed nuts, animal droppings)

       A specific type of tree (identify by name)

Pro Tip: For younger children, consider using pictures instead of words on the scavenger hunt list.

  1. Gather Your Supplies: You won't need much. A basket or backpack to collect treasures, a clipboard or notebook for your list, pencils, and a camera are all you need. For added fun, pack a magnifying glass for closer observation and a small sketchbook for kids to draw what they find.
  2. Set the Rules (Optional): Nature scavenger hunts can be done competitively or collaboratively. If you decide to make it a competition, set a time limit and a prize for the winner. Collaboration encourages teamwork and allows everyone to contribute.

Hitting the Trails!

With your list and supplies in hand, it's time to head outdoors! Here are some tips to make the most of your nature scavenger hunt:

  • Embrace the Journey: The focus shouldn't solely be on completing the list. Encourage exploration, curiosity, and asking questions about the natural world around you.
  • Leave No Trace: Respect the environment by taking only pictures and leaving everything as you found it.
  • Safety First: Be aware of your surroundings, watch out for potential hazards, and stay on designated trails.
  • Have Fun! The most important thing is to enjoy yourselves and create lasting memories as a family.

Keep the Adventure Going

Nature scavenger hunts are just one of many ways to get outside and explore. Once you've completed your hunt, consider other outdoor activities like geocaching, nature walks, camping trips, or even starting a family garden. The possibilities are endless when it comes to connecting with nature and having fun as a family.

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21 April 2024

The Sugar Bugs

Do you have children who do not brush their teeth properly before they go to bed – or, indeed, are you one of those objectionable and obnoxious offspring who refuse to take dental care seriously?  If so, then you might want to spend a few minutes in the company of The Sugar Bugs – the millions of little creatures which live inside your mouth – watch and weep!

Joking aside, this animated short by John Kim is very funny – it tells a fairly straightforward tale which young kids will understand but is done with great panache and a few not so hidden movie references that adults will enjoy too.  Created for his BFA2 film at Cal Arts, Kim has created a monster here…!

The voices are created by his peers in the animation department at CalArts and I feel they should quite rightly now consider drama as a secondary subject.  If Kim's style seems familiar perhaps it is because you remember his previous animated outing, You've Been Mimed, which we featured on Kuriositas last year.

Leaving Home

This is dedicated to all of you reading this who may have grown up children still at home and so haven’t yet had the opportunity to experience the joys of empty nest syndrome.  It’s a beautifully paced piece by Joost Lieuwma which really does capture the frustration felt by many parents when their offspring are reluctant to make their own way in the world.

It must be said as an addendum, however – sometimes we have to be careful what we wish for…

The Sublime Swallowtail Butterfly

A tiger swallowtail butterfly springs from a buddleia (often known as the butterfly bush).  Its beauty is simply breath-taking and it doesn’t end with the tiger.  The swallowtail is a family that includes over 500 species. Our sibling site, the Ark in Space has a feature on ten of the most spectacular.  If you are feeling a little jaded today then why not take a look – it may even restore your sense of wonder!

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The Depression Era Photography of Dorothea Lange

A look at the work of Dorothea Lange who captured the Great Depression through her lens and created some of the iconographic images of that era.

At a time when women had had the vote for less than twenty years, Dorothea Lange was a pioneer. A professional woman who took photographs for a living. The Great Depression of the 1930s is best remembered, photographically, by the work of the FSA, for which she worked. She travelled the USA recording the deprivations caused by the failure of the economy as well as taking many uplifting images that showed that, despite the hard times, life and love went on.

It is probably best to start with an image of the photographer herself. Unlike some, Lange did not interpolate herself actively in her photographs – those that we have of her show her usually on her own in very much a framed composition. This shot from 1937 shows her in the field with one of her cameras, rather coquettishly positioned atop of her car. Short dark hair and a feminine yet somehow boyish dress sense, the beauty of this shot lies in the baseball boots she is wearing. Her job was not, after all, one that required heels on any sort so why bow to the fashion dictates of the time?

15 April 2024

How Much Do Animators Cost?

For game developers, getting into animation is exciting but can also be quite challenging, especially when it comes to figuring out how much it costs. 

Whether you're working alone or with a game animation company, understanding the cost of animators is very important for your budget and the success of your game. 

This guide will help clear up the costs of hiring animators, sharing knowledge and tips from our own experiences.

Animation's Role in Game Creation

Animation makes game development come alive, turning simple images into moving, engaging characters and scenes. It's key for telling stories, improving how the game plays, and making a game that people enjoy.

How Animators Improve Games

Animators are like magicians, making characters move, enemies fight, and worlds grow. They make sure movements look smooth and help players feel connected to the game by giving characters emotions and making the game's world engaging. Animators use special software to design animations and put them into the game, making sure everything works well together.
  • Animators make the game's story better by adding emotional depth to characters and scenes.
  • Their work on character movement makes the game more fun and realistic.

How Animation Has Changed in Games

The way animation is used in games has grown a lot thanks to new technology and creative ideas. From simple, blocky characters in old games to the very detailed animations in modern games, animation has greatly improved. This not only makes games look better but also opens up new possibilities for designing games and telling stories.
  • Moving from 2D to 3D animation has made game worlds more complex and engaging.
  • New motion capture technology makes characters move in a more lifelike way, which makes games more engaging.

Animator Hiring Costs

Figuring out the cost of hiring an animator can be complex. The price changes based on the animation type, the animator's skill level, and how long and complex the project is. Here are the main things to think about: pay rates for freelance animators, cost of 3D animation per minute, and the differences in pay for in-house versus freelance animators.

Freelance Animator Pay Rates

Freelance animators are popular in game development for their flexibility and range of skills. Their pay can differ a lot depending on their experience, the project's complexity, and how long it will take.
  • Hourly Pay: Freelancers usually charge between $25 to $100/per hour. More complex skills like 3D animation or detailed character design might cost more.
  • Pay Per Project: Some animators set a fixed price for the whole project, which can be a few hundred to several thousand dollars, depending on what you need.

It's important to look at a freelancer's past work to make sure they're a good fit for your project.
  • Looking at their portfolio helps you see their work quality and if they can do what you need.
  • Talking clearly about your project helps avoid misunderstandings and ensures a fair price for both sides.

Cost of 3D Animation Per Minute

3D animation costs are often based on how long the animation is, which makes it easier to plan your budget.
  • Costs: One minute of 3D animation can cost from $1,000 to $10,000 or more. The price goes up with more complex designs, detailed environments, and special effects.
  • What Affects the Price: Detailed characters, complex scenes, and advanced effects make the cost higher.
Planning your budget for 3D animation means thinking carefully about what you need and what you want the final result to look like. Having extra money in your budget for unexpected issues is also a good idea.
  • Planning and making storyboards can reduce the need for changes later and make the animation smoother.
  • Using existing assets or simpler designs can help keep costs down.

In-House vs Freelance Animator Salaries

Choosing between an in-house animator and freelancers affects your costs and how you manage the project.
  • In-House Animators: A full-time animator gives you more control and closer teamwork. Salaries for in-house animators range from $50,000 to $100,000/ year, depending on their experience and where they are. Remember to include costs for benefits, tools, and training.
  • Freelance Animators: Freelancers might charge more per hour but can save money for certain projects or when you need skills your team doesn't have.
Whether you choose an in-house team or freelancers depends on how big and complex your project is, and how your studio works.
  • In-house teams are good for long-term projects or studios with lots of work.
  • Freelancers are great for short-term projects or when you need specific skills.
  • Outsourcing animation can be great for medium-team projects if you want to reduce costs
Knowing the costs of hiring animators helps you plan your budget and your game development project. 
Whether you go with a freelancer, an in-house team, or both, make sure it fits with your project's needs and budget. Next, we'll look at what influences these costs and how to manage them.

Key Factors Influencing Animation Hiring Costs

When setting your budget for animation in game development, several crucial factors can significantly impact the costs. Understanding these can help you make smarter choices and manage your budget better.

Project Complexity

The complexity of your animation project is a major factor in cost. More detailed and complex animations, with intricate movements and interactions, require more skill and time, leading to higher costs.
  • Detail and Realism: More realistic or detailed projects need more advanced skills and take longer to make, which increases the costs.
  • Animation Length and Quantity: The total amount of animation and the number of assets being animated also significantly affect the cost.

To keep costs manageable, plan carefully and decide which animation features are most important for your game. Focus your budget on these key areas.

Animator's Experience and Skills

The cost to hire an animator also depends on their experience and the specific skills they bring. Animators with a lot of experience and high-quality work usually charge more.
  • Specialized Skills: Animators with expertise in areas like 3D animation or character design may charge more for their special skills.
  • Proven Track Record: Animators who have contributed to successful projects or worked with known studios offer great value but often at a higher price.
Choose an animator whose experience matches your project's requirements. A more experienced animator might work more efficiently and bring higher quality to your project, which could be worth the extra cost.

Geographic Location

Where an animator is based can also affect their rates because of the cost of living and the usual rates in that area.
  • Worldwide Talent: Thanks to remote work, you can now find skilled animators from all over the world, possibly at more competitive rates.
  • Hiring Locally vs. Remotely: Animators from areas with a lower cost of living can be more affordable, but keep in mind any challenges like time differences and communication issues.
Using remote work platforms can help you find talented animators from anywhere, allowing you to balance skill level and cost. However, good communication and project management are key to working successfully with remote animators.

In short, the cost of hiring an animator is influenced by the project's complexity, the animator's experience and skills, and their location. By understanding these factors, you can make better decisions that fit your project's needs and budget. Next, we'll look at other important considerations such as soundtrack and voiceover work, which are also vital to animation and overall game development.

Soundtrack and Voiceover Costs in Game Development

High-quality soundtracks and voiceovers can turn a good game into an unforgettable one. However, these audio elements come with their own cost considerations, especially concerning licensing.

Audio's Role in Enhancing Game Immersion

Soundtracks shape the game's atmosphere, and voiceovers add depth to its characters and story. These are key for drawing players in and creating a lasting impact.
  • Emotional Impact: A strong soundtrack can deeply move players, enriching the narrative and gaming experience.
  • Character Depth: Professional voiceovers make characters feel real and more engaging to players.
For developers aiming to deliver an immersive experience, investing in top-quality audio is crucial. Yet, managing the costs for soundtrack and voiceover licensing is equally important.

Licensing Costs for Audio

The expenses for licensing music and hiring voice talent can vary greatly. The choice between royalty-free music and unique compositions, as well as the voice actors' experience, affects the overall cost.
  • Music Options: Royalty-free music is less expensive, whereas custom tracks are unique but cost more.
  • Voiceover Rates: The cost for voiceover work varies, depending on the talent's experience and recording length.
Developers need to balance the need for high-quality audio with their budget, which might involve negotiating with composers or finding new voice talent.

Costs Associated with Hiring Stop Motion Animators

Stop motion animation stands out for its unique look and feel, but it comes with its own set of challenges and costs due to its labor-intensive creation process.

Challenges and Costs of Stop Motion

Creating stop-motion animation is time-consuming and requires specific tools and materials. This process involves moving objects frame by frame to create movement.
  • Labor-Intensive Work: The detailed work in stop motion animation leads to higher costs compared to more common animation techniques.
  • Equipment and Materials: Apart from paying the animators, stop motion requires cameras, lights, and materials for the objects being animated.
While stop motion animation can significantly add to a game's visual and narrative appeal, its high costs and long production time need careful consideration to align with the project's budget and schedule.

Hiring stop motion animators means considering their creative fees as well as the extensive labor and equipment needed. Despite the higher costs, the unique charm and depth stop motion brings to a game can make it worth the investment in the right situation.

By taking into account these aspects of game development, including audio impact and the specific challenges of stop motion animation, developers can more accurately plan their budgets. Balancing creative goals with financial limits is key to producing an engaging and memorable game experience.

Costs of Hiring 2D vs. 3D Animators for Game Development

Choosing between 2D and 3D animation is a critical decision that affects your game's look, feel, and budget. Here's what you need to know about the costs involved with each option.

Skillsets and Cost Differences

2D and 3D animation require different skills and tools, impacting the cost of hiring animators.
  • 2D Animation: This style involves creating movement in a flat space and requires skills in drawing and frame-by-frame animation. Generally, 2D animation is less expensive than 3D because it's less complex and requires fewer resources.
  • 3D Animation: Involves creating characters and scenes in a three-dimensional space, requiring knowledge of complex software, as well as motion, physics, and lighting. Due to its complexity, 3D animators usually cost more to hire.
The choice between 2D and 3D should be based on your game’s vision, audience, and budget, not just on cost alone.

Choosing Between 2D and 3D

Your choice depends on the game's genre, style, and narrative requirements.
  • Use 2D Animation for a classic or stylized look, if you have a limited budget, or if your game mechanics are better suited to a two-dimensional space.
  • Go with 3D Animation if you're aiming for immersive environments, dynamic movements, and a modern look, and if your budget can support the extra costs.

Hiring an In-House Animator: Costs and Benefits

Having an in-house animator involves a significant investment but comes with advantages that can benefit your project.

Advantages of In-House Teams

An in-house team offers consistent collaboration and a unified vision, which can greatly enhance the development process.
  • Better Collaboration: Easy communication and teamwork with on-site animators ensure that the animations closely match the game's evolving design.
  • Long-Term Value: Though it's a larger initial expense, building an in-house team is an investment that can offer greater returns for studios with ongoing projects, creating a team that grows with your company.
Deciding to hire in-house should take into account your studio's long-term plans, budget, and specific project needs. While the costs (including salaries, benefits, and resources) are considerable, the benefits of having a dedicated team readily available are significant.

In summary, whether you opt for freelance or in-house animators, or decide between 2D and 3D animation, it's crucial to match your choice to your game development objectives and financial plans.
 By thoroughly weighing the costs and advantages of each option, you can make decisions that not only enhance your game's quality but also maintain its financial feasibility. Animation offers a vast array of possibilities to realize your creative visions effectively and impressively.

5 April 2024

200 Hours in Morocco - Watch this Video if You are Thinking of Visiting Morocco

This is a short but wonderful video about a visit to the beautiful country of Morocco. If you planning to visit Morocco, I would highly recommend a watch of this short and snappy overview of what the country can offer young adult visitors who are more interested in broadening horizons than partying till dawn!

As well as a whistle-stop tour of the country and its sights, sounds and food it also focuses on the profound impact that travel can have on a person.  The old saying “travel broadens the mind” is so true, but one thing that the video creator, Omro, points out too is about the sense of self (and one’s place in the world) that travel can also generate.  I think it’s something that many young people realise as they step into the world and discover it for themselves (that is, without the guidance of parents) and it can do nothing but good.

The video takes in a number of cities in Morocco, including Asilah, Larache, Marrakesh and Casablanca. More than an in-depth look at the country, the video serves as something of an appetiser – a taste of what Morocco has to offer which (as well as the glorious weather) includes culture (past and present), music and great hospitality. Oh and the food; this glimpse of the place shows some very, very tasty looking meals.  I think the Morocco tourist board should use this as one of their official  videos. It certainly made me want to pack my bags and head there.

Of course, being a (slightly) older traveller than Omro, I would probably do one of two things. I would either stay in one or two cities, instead of darting about or – and this is the temptation – make a longer stay of it in order to replicate Omro’s adventures there but at a more genteel pace! 

Of course, this video is intended to reflect the travel plans of a younger generation and it’s great to see that Omro and his cousin are interested in country discovery more than party recovery!  And so, with that truly terrible play on words, I will leave you to enjoy this terrific snapshot of Morocco.

30 March 2024


In Tibetan Buddhim a Tulkou (that is the French spelling) is the reincarnation of a master.  The lines of the Dalai Lamas and Panchen Lamas are considered Tulkou lines so perhaps this is where the name of this animated short comes from.  Whether it is or not this short remains fascinating.  An old man, lonely and somewhat bad tempered, pulls a strange creature from the sea.

Man and entity somehow bond but the shape is drawn elsewhere, inexorably.  In order to let his new friend survive, perhaps the old man will have to sacrifice the company he has longed for.  Tulkou was directed by Mohamed Fadera and Sami Guellaï.

Dream Child

Intelligent animation allows your imagination to take flight and this is exactly the case with Dream Child (Rêve d’enfant in French), produced by Papy3D Productions. The animation is simply but exquisitely done. The animation tells the story of the relationship between a troubled mother and her son. This may sound somber and it probably is but I guarantee you won’t forget this short in a while.

Avalanche Fences Exposed!

For months of the year they lie beneath deep snow, trapping it so that avalanches can be circumvented.  But when the snow melts, what is beneath is exposed to the world.  In the summer months many visitors scratch their heads at the sight of avalanche fences and wonder what form of sheep or goat they might be designed to contain.

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Their real purpose is often lost to the casual observer: to help keep roads, railways and towns – not to mention the people therein - safe from a sudden, often deadly avalanche.  In places like the Swiss and French Alps, where locals have had to live alongside the threat of avalanches for thousands of years, intricate systems of artificial structures have mitigated the risk of avalanches for almost as long.

The Smoke Seller

Life must be tough if you travel from village to village selling your one and only product, especially if that product is, simply, smoke.  Yet although our traveling salesman in The Smoke Seller (or in the Spanish El Vendedor de Humo) has a slow start in his latest pit stop, and has a moment of despondency, it isn’t long before he has the villagers eating out his hand…

This is a very handsome animated short which has the kind of moral twist in the tale that you might expect from a traditional fairy tale but I am afraid I have to admit I have no idea if this is an old story or not – perhaps you could let me know!  What I do know, however, is that it was created at the PrimerFrame School of Animation in Valencia, Spain and it has received a stack of awards. Bravo!


Cólera quite rightly got amazing reviews on its release - and for more than just the reason that it is a one shot short film. Created by Spanish filmmakers Señor y Señora and starring one of Spain’s most talented and versatile actors, Luis Tosar, this is a morality tale with a twist. The population village round on a crippled outsider, who they fear and detest equally. Yet their act of intolerance will have consequences beyond their imagination.

The Dandelion - Whimsical World-Wide Weed

The humble dandelion. From your garden to almost the ends of the earth this small but conspicuous plant flourishes. Gardeners do not appreciate its presence, considering it a weed, even though its flowering usually indicates the beginning of the honey bee season and could be seen as a welcome sign. Its simplistic looking structure hides a few surprising secrets and its cultural resonance, especially in Europe is strong. Here is a short but sincere homage to one of the small wonders of our botanical world.

Let’s start with the names, both common and scientific. In English, dandelion is a corruption of the French. Originally it was called ‘dent de lion’ and the name came over in 1066 with a certain William and his Conquerors. It means ‘lion’s tooth’ and many people mistakenly believe it refers to the orange colored flower head, confusing the words beard and tooth.

26 March 2024

Exploring Exclusive Casino Bonuses for Enhanced Gaming Thrills

We won’t be far off if we say that online casinos have overtaken all aspects of traditional casinos. For one, the convenience online casinos give compared to their in-house counterparts is out of this world. At the same time,  you get to have as much fun and make as much money as you’d do while playing at in-house casinos. 

Meanwhile, another insightful addition to online casinos is the availability of bonuses. What’s even amazing is that learning how to use it doesn’t come with much hassle, like making the perfect latté. Bonuses can either come in the form of no-deposit bonuses, free spins, cashback, and even welcome bonuses. 

Without a doubt, online casinos are the best if you want more staking power than you’re willing to deposit in cash. More so, there are some exclusive casino bonuses for enhanced gaming thrills peculiar to some casinos and a special category of players; in this article, we’ll explore some of them.

Understanding Casino Bonuses

Again, likening it to the ease of making latté, there are not a lot of moving parts when it comes to knowledge of casino bonuses. Getting the hang of it shouldn’t be much of a hassle. 

  • Welcome Bonus

Welcome bonuses are available in pretty much any online casino that’s interested in a constant influx of new players. You’ll often find them offering from 50% and up to 200% top-up on your first deposit, then capping it on a specific amount. At the same time, you may be given a special withdrawal requirement that must be satisfied before you can cash out.

  • Free Spins

Free spin bonuses are available to both new and existing casino players. They often award you such when you’ve played on their platform for a while, or at least are a regular customer. Some dealers will show you the free spins that you can access when you’ve spent a specific amount or participated in a particular fixture or betting round.

  • Deposit Bonus

Deposit bonuses are specifically designed to keep a player spending with a platform, and this is a good example. You’re given a specific % of your deposit as a bonus on every deposit you’re making. The only difference between this and your welcome bonus is that these bonuses can occur at any time, depending on the online casino.

Types of Exclusive Casino Bonuses

Admittedly, a lot of exclusive casino bonuses are derived from your classical bonuses, the only difference is that you’re being offered on a bigger scale. For this article, we’ll be talking about just two types of exclusive bonuses. 

  • Deposit Match Bonuses

When casinos want to encourage you to make higher amounts of deposits, they often introduce a higher percentage match on deposits; more than what’s on their site that’s given to normal customers. It’s quite unclear how one qualifies for this type of bonus, but most users speculate that it’s available when you don’t deposit for a while.

  • Exclusive Free Spins Offers

This is when you receive more free spins on specific slots than what’s commonly obtainable. If you’re a slot enthusiast, this is one bonus you want to always watch out for as you get to relish the excitement of spinning the reels without spending extra cash.

Where to Find Exclusive Casino Bonuses

We can’t tell you for sure which casino brands are currently offering exclusive bonuses, and the exact criteria for eligibility. However, we can point you in the right direction, to start your search. 

  •  Casino Review Sites

This is arguably the best spot to find casinos that are running bonuses. What’s even great is that they make sure that you know the type of bonuses being offered so for players making special selections. Also, some will usually add quick reviews about the platforms allowing you to know what to expect when you go to their website. 

  •  Social Media Channels of Casinos

If a casino has previously offered exclusive bonuses, chances are that they’ll do it again. You want to follow their official pages on social media and wait for them to make the announcement. This method is quite effective when the casino owns an active social media account.

  • Affiliate Marketing Websites and Social Media Influencers

Oftentimes, when a new casino or an already established casino wants to run a massive bonus offer, they can team up with other brands. Usually, you’d find them on ads being run by affiliate marketers, showcasing their juicy offers. Other times, you’re likely to see an influencer talking about the latest bonus, and how you can capitalize on it.