21 April 2024

The Sugar Bugs

Do you have children who do not brush their teeth properly before they go to bed – or, indeed, are you one of those objectionable and obnoxious offspring who refuse to take dental care seriously?  If so, then you might want to spend a few minutes in the company of The Sugar Bugs – the millions of little creatures which live inside your mouth – watch and weep!

Joking aside, this animated short by John Kim is very funny – it tells a fairly straightforward tale which young kids will understand but is done with great panache and a few not so hidden movie references that adults will enjoy too.  Created for his BFA2 film at Cal Arts, Kim has created a monster here…!

The voices are created by his peers in the animation department at CalArts and I feel they should quite rightly now consider drama as a secondary subject.  If Kim's style seems familiar perhaps it is because you remember his previous animated outing, You've Been Mimed, which we featured on Kuriositas last year.

Leaving Home

This is dedicated to all of you reading this who may have grown up children still at home and so haven’t yet had the opportunity to experience the joys of empty nest syndrome.  It’s a beautifully paced piece by Joost Lieuwma which really does capture the frustration felt by many parents when their offspring are reluctant to make their own way in the world.

It must be said as an addendum, however – sometimes we have to be careful what we wish for…

The Sublime Swallowtail Butterfly

A tiger swallowtail butterfly springs from a buddleia (often known as the butterfly bush).  Its beauty is simply breath-taking and it doesn’t end with the tiger.  The swallowtail is a family that includes over 500 species. Our sibling site, the Ark in Space has a feature on ten of the most spectacular.  If you are feeling a little jaded today then why not take a look – it may even restore your sense of wonder!

Image Credit

The Depression Era Photography of Dorothea Lange

A look at the work of Dorothea Lange who captured the Great Depression through her lens and created some of the iconographic images of that era.

At a time when women had had the vote for less than twenty years, Dorothea Lange was a pioneer. A professional woman who took photographs for a living. The Great Depression of the 1930s is best remembered, photographically, by the work of the FSA, for which she worked. She travelled the USA recording the deprivations caused by the failure of the economy as well as taking many uplifting images that showed that, despite the hard times, life and love went on.

It is probably best to start with an image of the photographer herself. Unlike some, Lange did not interpolate herself actively in her photographs – those that we have of her show her usually on her own in very much a framed composition. This shot from 1937 shows her in the field with one of her cameras, rather coquettishly positioned atop of her car. Short dark hair and a feminine yet somehow boyish dress sense, the beauty of this shot lies in the baseball boots she is wearing. Her job was not, after all, one that required heels on any sort so why bow to the fashion dictates of the time?

15 April 2024

How Much Do Animators Cost?

For game developers, getting into animation is exciting but can also be quite challenging, especially when it comes to figuring out how much it costs. 

Whether you're working alone or with a game animation company, understanding the cost of animators is very important for your budget and the success of your game. 

This guide will help clear up the costs of hiring animators, sharing knowledge and tips from our own experiences.

Animation's Role in Game Creation

Animation makes game development come alive, turning simple images into moving, engaging characters and scenes. It's key for telling stories, improving how the game plays, and making a game that people enjoy.

How Animators Improve Games

Animators are like magicians, making characters move, enemies fight, and worlds grow. They make sure movements look smooth and help players feel connected to the game by giving characters emotions and making the game's world engaging. Animators use special software to design animations and put them into the game, making sure everything works well together.
  • Animators make the game's story better by adding emotional depth to characters and scenes.
  • Their work on character movement makes the game more fun and realistic.

How Animation Has Changed in Games

The way animation is used in games has grown a lot thanks to new technology and creative ideas. From simple, blocky characters in old games to the very detailed animations in modern games, animation has greatly improved. This not only makes games look better but also opens up new possibilities for designing games and telling stories.
  • Moving from 2D to 3D animation has made game worlds more complex and engaging.
  • New motion capture technology makes characters move in a more lifelike way, which makes games more engaging.

Animator Hiring Costs

Figuring out the cost of hiring an animator can be complex. The price changes based on the animation type, the animator's skill level, and how long and complex the project is. Here are the main things to think about: pay rates for freelance animators, cost of 3D animation per minute, and the differences in pay for in-house versus freelance animators.

Freelance Animator Pay Rates

Freelance animators are popular in game development for their flexibility and range of skills. Their pay can differ a lot depending on their experience, the project's complexity, and how long it will take.
  • Hourly Pay: Freelancers usually charge between $25 to $100/per hour. More complex skills like 3D animation or detailed character design might cost more.
  • Pay Per Project: Some animators set a fixed price for the whole project, which can be a few hundred to several thousand dollars, depending on what you need.

It's important to look at a freelancer's past work to make sure they're a good fit for your project.
  • Looking at their portfolio helps you see their work quality and if they can do what you need.
  • Talking clearly about your project helps avoid misunderstandings and ensures a fair price for both sides.

Cost of 3D Animation Per Minute

3D animation costs are often based on how long the animation is, which makes it easier to plan your budget.
  • Costs: One minute of 3D animation can cost from $1,000 to $10,000 or more. The price goes up with more complex designs, detailed environments, and special effects.
  • What Affects the Price: Detailed characters, complex scenes, and advanced effects make the cost higher.
Planning your budget for 3D animation means thinking carefully about what you need and what you want the final result to look like. Having extra money in your budget for unexpected issues is also a good idea.
  • Planning and making storyboards can reduce the need for changes later and make the animation smoother.
  • Using existing assets or simpler designs can help keep costs down.

In-House vs Freelance Animator Salaries

Choosing between an in-house animator and freelancers affects your costs and how you manage the project.
  • In-House Animators: A full-time animator gives you more control and closer teamwork. Salaries for in-house animators range from $50,000 to $100,000/ year, depending on their experience and where they are. Remember to include costs for benefits, tools, and training.
  • Freelance Animators: Freelancers might charge more per hour but can save money for certain projects or when you need skills your team doesn't have.
Whether you choose an in-house team or freelancers depends on how big and complex your project is, and how your studio works.
  • In-house teams are good for long-term projects or studios with lots of work.
  • Freelancers are great for short-term projects or when you need specific skills.
  • Outsourcing animation can be great for medium-team projects if you want to reduce costs
Knowing the costs of hiring animators helps you plan your budget and your game development project. 
Whether you go with a freelancer, an in-house team, or both, make sure it fits with your project's needs and budget. Next, we'll look at what influences these costs and how to manage them.

Key Factors Influencing Animation Hiring Costs

When setting your budget for animation in game development, several crucial factors can significantly impact the costs. Understanding these can help you make smarter choices and manage your budget better.

Project Complexity

The complexity of your animation project is a major factor in cost. More detailed and complex animations, with intricate movements and interactions, require more skill and time, leading to higher costs.
  • Detail and Realism: More realistic or detailed projects need more advanced skills and take longer to make, which increases the costs.
  • Animation Length and Quantity: The total amount of animation and the number of assets being animated also significantly affect the cost.

To keep costs manageable, plan carefully and decide which animation features are most important for your game. Focus your budget on these key areas.

Animator's Experience and Skills

The cost to hire an animator also depends on their experience and the specific skills they bring. Animators with a lot of experience and high-quality work usually charge more.
  • Specialized Skills: Animators with expertise in areas like 3D animation or character design may charge more for their special skills.
  • Proven Track Record: Animators who have contributed to successful projects or worked with known studios offer great value but often at a higher price.
Choose an animator whose experience matches your project's requirements. A more experienced animator might work more efficiently and bring higher quality to your project, which could be worth the extra cost.

Geographic Location

Where an animator is based can also affect their rates because of the cost of living and the usual rates in that area.
  • Worldwide Talent: Thanks to remote work, you can now find skilled animators from all over the world, possibly at more competitive rates.
  • Hiring Locally vs. Remotely: Animators from areas with a lower cost of living can be more affordable, but keep in mind any challenges like time differences and communication issues.
Using remote work platforms can help you find talented animators from anywhere, allowing you to balance skill level and cost. However, good communication and project management are key to working successfully with remote animators.

In short, the cost of hiring an animator is influenced by the project's complexity, the animator's experience and skills, and their location. By understanding these factors, you can make better decisions that fit your project's needs and budget. Next, we'll look at other important considerations such as soundtrack and voiceover work, which are also vital to animation and overall game development.

Soundtrack and Voiceover Costs in Game Development

High-quality soundtracks and voiceovers can turn a good game into an unforgettable one. However, these audio elements come with their own cost considerations, especially concerning licensing.

Audio's Role in Enhancing Game Immersion

Soundtracks shape the game's atmosphere, and voiceovers add depth to its characters and story. These are key for drawing players in and creating a lasting impact.
  • Emotional Impact: A strong soundtrack can deeply move players, enriching the narrative and gaming experience.
  • Character Depth: Professional voiceovers make characters feel real and more engaging to players.
For developers aiming to deliver an immersive experience, investing in top-quality audio is crucial. Yet, managing the costs for soundtrack and voiceover licensing is equally important.

Licensing Costs for Audio

The expenses for licensing music and hiring voice talent can vary greatly. The choice between royalty-free music and unique compositions, as well as the voice actors' experience, affects the overall cost.
  • Music Options: Royalty-free music is less expensive, whereas custom tracks are unique but cost more.
  • Voiceover Rates: The cost for voiceover work varies, depending on the talent's experience and recording length.
Developers need to balance the need for high-quality audio with their budget, which might involve negotiating with composers or finding new voice talent.

Costs Associated with Hiring Stop Motion Animators

Stop motion animation stands out for its unique look and feel, but it comes with its own set of challenges and costs due to its labor-intensive creation process.

Challenges and Costs of Stop Motion

Creating stop-motion animation is time-consuming and requires specific tools and materials. This process involves moving objects frame by frame to create movement.
  • Labor-Intensive Work: The detailed work in stop motion animation leads to higher costs compared to more common animation techniques.
  • Equipment and Materials: Apart from paying the animators, stop motion requires cameras, lights, and materials for the objects being animated.
While stop motion animation can significantly add to a game's visual and narrative appeal, its high costs and long production time need careful consideration to align with the project's budget and schedule.

Hiring stop motion animators means considering their creative fees as well as the extensive labor and equipment needed. Despite the higher costs, the unique charm and depth stop motion brings to a game can make it worth the investment in the right situation.

By taking into account these aspects of game development, including audio impact and the specific challenges of stop motion animation, developers can more accurately plan their budgets. Balancing creative goals with financial limits is key to producing an engaging and memorable game experience.

Costs of Hiring 2D vs. 3D Animators for Game Development

Choosing between 2D and 3D animation is a critical decision that affects your game's look, feel, and budget. Here's what you need to know about the costs involved with each option.

Skillsets and Cost Differences

2D and 3D animation require different skills and tools, impacting the cost of hiring animators.
  • 2D Animation: This style involves creating movement in a flat space and requires skills in drawing and frame-by-frame animation. Generally, 2D animation is less expensive than 3D because it's less complex and requires fewer resources.
  • 3D Animation: Involves creating characters and scenes in a three-dimensional space, requiring knowledge of complex software, as well as motion, physics, and lighting. Due to its complexity, 3D animators usually cost more to hire.
The choice between 2D and 3D should be based on your game’s vision, audience, and budget, not just on cost alone.

Choosing Between 2D and 3D

Your choice depends on the game's genre, style, and narrative requirements.
  • Use 2D Animation for a classic or stylized look, if you have a limited budget, or if your game mechanics are better suited to a two-dimensional space.
  • Go with 3D Animation if you're aiming for immersive environments, dynamic movements, and a modern look, and if your budget can support the extra costs.

Hiring an In-House Animator: Costs and Benefits

Having an in-house animator involves a significant investment but comes with advantages that can benefit your project.

Advantages of In-House Teams

An in-house team offers consistent collaboration and a unified vision, which can greatly enhance the development process.
  • Better Collaboration: Easy communication and teamwork with on-site animators ensure that the animations closely match the game's evolving design.
  • Long-Term Value: Though it's a larger initial expense, building an in-house team is an investment that can offer greater returns for studios with ongoing projects, creating a team that grows with your company.
Deciding to hire in-house should take into account your studio's long-term plans, budget, and specific project needs. While the costs (including salaries, benefits, and resources) are considerable, the benefits of having a dedicated team readily available are significant.

In summary, whether you opt for freelance or in-house animators, or decide between 2D and 3D animation, it's crucial to match your choice to your game development objectives and financial plans.
 By thoroughly weighing the costs and advantages of each option, you can make decisions that not only enhance your game's quality but also maintain its financial feasibility. Animation offers a vast array of possibilities to realize your creative visions effectively and impressively.

5 April 2024

200 Hours in Morocco - Watch this Video if You are Thinking of Visiting Morocco

This is a short but wonderful video about a visit to the beautiful country of Morocco. If you planning to visit Morocco, I would highly recommend a watch of this short and snappy overview of what the country can offer young adult visitors who are more interested in broadening horizons than partying till dawn!

As well as a whistle-stop tour of the country and its sights, sounds and food it also focuses on the profound impact that travel can have on a person.  The old saying “travel broadens the mind” is so true, but one thing that the video creator, Omro, points out too is about the sense of self (and one’s place in the world) that travel can also generate.  I think it’s something that many young people realise as they step into the world and discover it for themselves (that is, without the guidance of parents) and it can do nothing but good.

The video takes in a number of cities in Morocco, including Asilah, Larache, Marrakesh and Casablanca. More than an in-depth look at the country, the video serves as something of an appetiser – a taste of what Morocco has to offer which (as well as the glorious weather) includes culture (past and present), music and great hospitality. Oh and the food; this glimpse of the place shows some very, very tasty looking meals.  I think the Morocco tourist board should use this as one of their official  videos. It certainly made me want to pack my bags and head there.

Of course, being a (slightly) older traveller than Omro, I would probably do one of two things. I would either stay in one or two cities, instead of darting about or – and this is the temptation – make a longer stay of it in order to replicate Omro’s adventures there but at a more genteel pace! 

Of course, this video is intended to reflect the travel plans of a younger generation and it’s great to see that Omro and his cousin are interested in country discovery more than party recovery!  And so, with that truly terrible play on words, I will leave you to enjoy this terrific snapshot of Morocco.